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MS Windows

Introduction <top>

Student entry at Microsoft: www.microsoft.com/student/


Partioning Software <top>

Make a Recovery Partition, PC Mag, 09.13.06 (M.D.Y) - www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2014359,00.asp.

To create/edit partitions Norton PartitionMagic ($69.95) GNU Parted
Backup program that creates images Norton Ghost ($69.99) PartImage ntfsclone





Dual boot Windows XP and Vista, By Staff writers on 03 April 2008 www.cnet.com.au/desktops/0,239029372,339287905,00.htm.



Clonezilla - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonezilla, www.clonezilla.org.


Source Application Media Reads on Emachines Boots on Emachines    
SystemRescueCD Disk Utility (on Mac) CD-R (ls) No... Problems -    
-"- Disk Utility (on Mac) DVD-R Yes... Not every time... Not via restart but from cold start of machine.    

From en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SystemRescueCD:

SystemRescueCD has several features, some of them include:

  1. GNU Parted and GParted to partition disks and re-size partitions, including FAT32 and NTFS
  2. Ranish Partition Manager
  3. fdisk to edit the disk partition table
  4. PartImage, disk imaging software which copies only used sectors
  5. TestDisk to recover lost partition and PhotoRec to recover lost data
  6. A CD and DVD burner
  7. Two bootloaders
  8. Web browsers: Mozilla Firefox, Lynx, Links, Dillo
  9. Midnight Commander
  10. Archiving and unarchiving abilities
  11. File system tools: file system create, delete, resize, move
  12. Support for many file systems, including full NTFS read/write access (via NTFS-3G) as well as FAT32 and Mac OS HFS
  13. Support for Intel x86 and PowerPC systems, including Macs
  14. Ability to create boot disk for operating systems
  15. Support for Windows registry editing and password changing from Linux
  16. Can boot FreeDOS, memory testing, hardware diagnostics and other boot disks from a single CD

Home site - www.sysresccd.org., list of included system tools.



Partioning Software <top>

Partioning Software

Aside being fast and conforming to standards, it's very much customizable and you can easily add more functions. Browse the huge library at https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/.




Application Manufacturer Info per
Version Cost2 All Users

+ Faster browsing

-  (none seen)

Data Lifeguard Tools Western Digital - - -

Included with hard disks

Disk Utility Apple - - free Part of Mac OS X    
GParted ### Mar'09 0.4.3 free


MaxBlast Maxtor - - -

Included with hard disks

PartionMagic Symantec Mar'09 8.0 $69.95

#. at .d




1 When information on version and cost was retrieved.
2 Cost is only provided to give an idea.


NTLDR is missing <top>

For Windows NT4/2k/XP the NTLDR (New Technology Loader) takes it from there. If you get the "NTLDR is missing, press any key to restart" what's most likely ... [tinyempire]




Operating Systems <top>


Windows XP (2001) <top>


windows xp variants xp home xp professional side-by-side





Windows XP Home Edition Windows XP Professional Edition Windows XP Media Center Edition
wikipedia wikipedia wikipedia

The first two editions released by Microsoft are Windows XP Home Edition, designed for home users, and Windows XP Professional, designed for business and power-users.

Windows XP Professional offers a number of features unavailable in the Home Edition, including:

  • The ability to become part of a Windows Server domain, a group of computers that are remotely managed by one or more central servers.
  • A sophisticated access control scheme that allows specific permissions on files to be granted to specific users under normal circumstances. However, users can use tools other than Windows Explorer (like cacls or File Manager), or restart to Safe Mode to modify access control lists.
  • Remote Desktop server, which allows a PC to be operated by another Windows XP user over a local area network or the Internet.
  • Offline Files and Folders, which allow the PC to automatically store a copy of files from another networked computer and work with them while disconnected from the network.
  • Encrypting File System, which encrypts files stored on the computer's hard drive so they cannot be read by another user, even with physical access to the storage medium.
  • Centralized administration features, including Group Policies, Automatic Software Installation and Maintenance, Roaming User Profiles, and Remote Installation Service (RIS).
  • Internet Information Services (IIS), Microsoft's HTTP and FTP Server.
  • Support for two physical central processing units (CPU). (Because the number of CPU cores and Hyper-threading capabilities on modern CPUs are considered to be part of a single physical processor, multicore CPUs are supported using XP Home Edition.)[3][4]
  • Windows Management Instrumentation Console (WMIC): WMIC is a command-line tool designed to ease WMI information retrieval about a system by using simple keywords (aliases).

The most notable feature unique to this edition is the Windows Media Center, which provides a large-font ("10-foot"), remotely accessible interface for television viewing on the computer as well as recording and playback, a TV guide, DVD playback, video playback, photo viewing, and music playback. Unlike competing commercial digital video recorder products, Microsoft does not charge a monthly subscription fee for its Media Center TV guide service.

Media Center Edition was the only consumer-oriented edition of Windows XP that was updated with new features on an annual basis during the five-year development of Windows Vista. The MCE 2005 release, for example, includes an update to Windows Movie Maker that supports burning DVDs, a new visual style called "Royale", support for Media Center Extenders, and SoundSpectrum's G-Force sound visualizations. Microsoft also released its own remote control, receiver and infrared blaster with MCE 2005. A new specially designed wireless computer keyboard for MCE 2005 was released September 2005.

Using Media Center Extenders or the Xbox 360, Media Center Edition is also able to connect and stream recorded TV, music and pictures, over a network connection.

Media Center Edition retains most of the features included in Windows XP Professional as it is simply an addon to Professional, installed when provided with a valid MCE product key during setup. All Professional features have been left in, including Remote Desktop and the Encrypting File System, however the ability to join an Active Directory domain has been removed as it is marketed as a home product with no need for domain support. One value in the registry is all that is needed to circumvent this restriction;[16] if the installation of MCE 2005 is an in-place upgrade from a previous version already joined to a domain, this ability is retained, unless a user uses a Windows Media Center Extender: in this case, such ability is lost and cannot be reverted back again. Presumably, Microsoft introduced this limit because Media Center Extender devices, introduced in this version, rely on the Fast User Switching component, but this component must be disabled in order to join a domain.[17][18]


XP Home vs. XP Pro networking: What's the difference? - http://articles.techrepublic.com.com/5100-10878_11-1038781.html (2002-04-16)

One side-by-side-comparison from www.windowsnetworking.com/articles_tutorials/wxpdifs.html (table is broken in original site):

    Windows XP Home Edition Windows XP Professional Edition
User management Limited to 2 security levels,
no policies
Full User Management and
Security Policies
Workgroup networking/
Joining domains
Limited to Workgroup
network (unable to join
a domain)
Workgroup networking and
able to join a Domain
Security on sharing
disks and folders
no security, everybody
has access to shared data
Full security based on
User Management
Limit of simultaneous
max 5 simultaneous
file-sharing connections
max 10 simultaneous
file-sharing connections
Security of disks and
folders (NTFS drives)
limited Security, made
difficult to use
Full Disk/Folder Security based
on User Management
  Group Policy
not included Included
Remote Desktop
not included. Remote Desktop Access
Backup Program only included via
ASR Automatic
System Recovery
not included Included


Build an XP SP3 Recovery Disc, http://www.extremetech.com/article2/0,2845,2326444,00.asp





Windows Vista (2006/2007) <top>

Volume licensing in Nov 2006, Retail in Jan 2007


Windows 7 (2009) <top>

RTM (Release to Manufacturing/Marketing): July 2009; Retail: Oct 2009


Side-by-Side, incl OS 10.6

A Side-by-Side comparison between Windows 7 products and Mac OS X 10.6, Snow Leopard. (Compiled 2009-10-16)

MS Windows 7

Mac OS X 10.6

Initially based on compare-editions (retrieved 2009-10-16) For comparison
  Windows 7 Home Premium

Windows 7
Home Premium

Windows 7 Professional

Windows 7

Windows 7 Ultimate

Windows 7

Mac OS X 10.6

Mac OS X 10.6
(Snow Leopard)

Estimated Retail Pricing (ERP). - upgrade prices: Pre-order $119.99 Pre-order $199.99 Pre-order $219.99 From Leopard
Full-Retail (not upgrade) (source): $199.99 $299.99
(+ $100)
(+ $20)
(incl iWork)
For a family, small business
Upgrading 3 computers $360
(above times 3)
(limited time)
(above times 3)
(above times 3)
(Family Pack, 5 users)
Full-Retail for 3 computers $600
(above times 3)
(above times 3)
(above times 3)
(Family Pack, 5 users)
For Students
Microsoft student special $29.99
(until Jan 2010)
(a bit hidden)
(Nov 6,09)
(Nov 6,09)
JourneyEd 2009-10-16 $199.98 ? $299.98 ? $319.98 ? n/a

System Requirements

Windows 7
Home Premium
MS Windows

Windows 7

MS Windows

Windows 7

MS Windows

Mac OS X 10.6
Snow Leopard

Mac OS

  (src) src
CPU 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor Intel CPU
RAM 2 GB RAM (64-bit; 1 GB for 32-bit) 1 GB (64-bit)
Hard disk space 20 GB (64-bit; 16 GB for 32-bit) 5 GB
Graphics DirectX 9 device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver (all Intel-Macs)


Windows 7
Home Premium
MS Windows

Windows 7

MS Windows

Windows 7

MS Windows

Mac OS X 10.6
Snow Leopard

Mac OS


A modern 64-bit OS Check Check Check Check
(Released) Oct'09 Oct'09 Oct'09 Aug'09

From Win compare edition page


Make the things you do every day easier with improved desktop navigation.

Check Check Check Check
Dock, Expose,...

Start programs faster and more easily, and quickly find the documents you use most often.

Check Check Check Check
Spotlight search

Make your web experience faster, easier and safer than ever with Internet Explorer 8.

Check Check Check Check
Safari web browser


But why not consider the great Firefox browser...!
With some unbeatable add-ons, like FastestFox.

Watch, pause, rewind, and record TV on your PC.


Check Check Check Check
(Windows Media Center) (Front Row, wikipedia)

Easily create a home network and connect your PCs to a printer with HomeGroup.

Check Check Check Check

Run many Windows XP productivity programs in Windows XP Mode.

Check Check If need: VM + XP

Connect to company networks easily and more securely with Domain Join.

Check Check Check
Exchange out of the box!

In addition to full-system Backup and Restore found in all editions, you can back up to a home or business network.

Check Check Check
Time Machine

Help protect data on your PC and portable storage devices against loss or theft with BitLocker.

Check Check

Work in the language of your choice and switch between any of 35 languages.

Check Check

What does it take to run Windows 7?


Why Win 7 didn’t make the list (eWeek 2009-12-07; 2009 Products of the Year)

From eWeek 2009-12-07 issues, side note to the article 2009 Products of the Year:

Why Win 7 didn’t make the list

Windows 7 was certainly one of the biggest tech stories of 2009, so why didn’t it make our Products of the Year list? Simply put, none of eWEEK Labs’ analysts—myself included—was enthusiastic enough about the new Microsoft OS to put it there.

While Windows 7 may prove to be the best overall operating system Microsoft has delivered, in our tests, it provided only incremental improvements over a highly unpopular predecessor—many of the critical improvements in Windows 7 were actually included first in Windows Vista.

Windows 7 also has a curious lack of continuity and logic across features that lead to a seemingly inexhaustible set of questions.

Do administrators really need the added complexity (security, management and licensing) of a second operating system to support legacy applications, as XP Mode requires? And if XP Mode is so critical, why won’t it play nicely with Microsoft’s latest communications technologies, such as DirectAccess? And if we really still need to run a legacy OS in a virtual machine, do we really need Windows 7 at the base to run the hypervisor? Why not run all Windows- craving line-of-business applications in an XP VM on top of a lean, modern Linux distribution? Isn’t that alternative at least worth considering?

On a personal level, I was pretty disappointed with Microsoft’s stance on security with Windows 7. The OS could have been all about securing data and the user experience, but instead Microsoft sacrificed that objective on the altar of usability and profitability—toning down the protections afforded by UAC, limiting the availability of hard disk and removable drive encryption to the most expensive SKUs, and even replacing and limiting a security feature once available to all business SKUs (Software Restrictions Policies) with a similar one available only to the Enterprise and Ultimate SKUs (AppLocker).

Despite all this, I expect Windows 7 will likely gain significant traction with enterprise IT—not because of Windows 7’s greatness, but rather because Microsoft alternatives are not up to snuff and IT implementers need to do something soon. Windows XP, which still lives on the vast majority of enterprise client machines, is on its last legs of commercial viability—with creaky support for the latest hardware and 64-bit architectures, as well as Microsoft’s unsurprising lack of commitment to its ongoing security development. And Windows Vista had too many perceived problems and detractors to ever get off the ground as a viable alternative.

Indeed, Windows 7 betters its forebears in most of the ways a new Windows should, but is it really the right solution for the way people compute today, given the increasing viability of mobility and cloud-based services in the enterprise? Do enterprises even need a fat client on the desktop anymore?

I expect most Windows shops will opt for Windows 7. And for many, that’s fine. It’s familiar, it’s solid, and it’s the path of least resistance.

Customers just need to ask themselves if it’s the right choice for today and tomorrow.

—Andrew Garcia






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